The Guozijian  - "School of the Sons of State"  was also called the "Imperial Academy"  and was the national central institute of learning after the Sui (581-618 AD).  This school was the highest  place  of learning in China's traditional educational system  and an integral part of the Confucian system of education for government officials.  Originally founded as far back as 3 CE, when a standard nationwide school system was established during the reign of Emperor Ping of Han (9 BC – AD 6), it was called the Taixue. The central schools of Taixue were disbanded during the 1898 reform of the Qing Dynasty, the Guozijian was replaced by the Imperial Capital Academy  which later became Peking University.

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